Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Creighton University School of Medicine at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, United States. Electronic address: Bradley.Monk@DignityHealth.org.
Bevacizumab is the first antiangiogenic agent to have demonstrated benefit as first-line and maintenance therapy in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), with the Gynecologic Oncology Group 218 and ICON 7 phase III trials revealing significantly prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) for carboplatin/paclitaxel plus bevacizumab followed by bevacizumab maintenance versus carboplatin/paclitaxel alone. Results are forthcoming from several phase III maintenance trials of investigational antiangiogenic agents, each evaluating PFS as the primary endpoint: AGO-OVAR12/LUME-Ovar1 (nintedanib [BIBF 1120]), AGO-OVAR16 (pazopanib), and TRINOVA-1, -2, and -3 (AMG 386). Here we review available data and ongoing clinical trials of investigational antiangiogenic agents as maintenance therapy for EOC. Current controversies, including uncertainties regarding the (1) most appropriate clinical trial endpoints, (2) optimal dosing, duration, and timing of therapy (e.g., with first-line chemotherapy and/or as maintenance monotherapy), and (3) feasibility, tolerability, and cost of adding these agents to platinum/taxane regimens are also highlighted.